Environmental Science (ENS)

Note: Some courses listed here may run only once per academic year, or every other academic year. Not all courses are available on both campuses. The catalog is constantly changing. Visit the pace website to view the most current class schedule, class descriptions, and required or suggested prerequisites.

 

ENS 501 Environmental Assessment and Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Preparation (4 credits)
This course provides students with the skills to allow them to evaluate baseline site environmental conditions and to determine how these conditions will be impacted by various projects. Students will learn how to obtain environmental information and do field research. Environmental regulations that require the preparation of environmental impact statements will be discussed. Students will be presented with "real world" scenarios by environmental consultants, town planners and environmental lawyers. A class project will involve preparation of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement of a mock scenario.

ENS 505 Conservation Biology (3 credits)
This course discusses the broad area of conservation in terms of biological principles and field and laboratory methods used in modern conservation biology. Current problems in conservation are also discussed.

ENS 506 Wildlife Ecology (3 credits)
This course provides an overview of the field of wildlife ecology. Topics discussed include population ecology, dispersal, behavior, food resources, habitat resources, interspecies interactions, and sustainability.

ENS 511 Plant Ecology and Conservation (3 credits)
This course examines the relationship between plants and the environment they share with other organisms. Topics discussed include patterns of distribution and abundance and factors affecting them. Discussions on photosynthesis and resources emphasize the distinctive manners by which plants interact with their environment. Conservation issues, human use of plants by both indigenous cultures and economically as food, medicines and building materials are discussed.

ENS 531 Biological Oceanography and Marine Biology (3 credits)
This course is designed to present an overview of the fields of biological and chemical oceanography. Major biological, chemical, geological and physical features will be examined. This course will emphasize processes including primary production, carbon pumping and the function of the microbial loop, and those species that are associated with these processes in the ocean, as well as the biotic factors controlling those processes. It will also cover individual taxa and how they interact with these processes. The structure of marine food webs and the flow of energy within different marine habitats will be detailed and contrasted. The chemical and physical properties of the ocean such as thermohaline circulation, waves and tides will be discussed. The final segment in this class will introduce the student to the formation, biology, physiology and significance of coastal ecosystems. The relationship to global warming induced climate change will be discussed.

ENS 605 / PAA 605 Ethics and Leadership (3 credits)
This course is designed to make students aware of their responsibility as professionals in leadership and administrative positions in our complex society. Individual values and normative choices associated with the implementation of public policy will be discussed. Social, legal and economic realities will be examined in light of philosophical arguments. Case studies and current examples relevant to government, health care, environmental science and nonprofit organizations will be used as practical applications of ethical precepts and conduct.

ENS 610 Environmental Science I (3 credits)
An interdisciplinary two-course sequence involving investigation of biological, chemical and physical processes of particular importance in dealing with environmental problems. Processes and interactions that include all earth systems involving terrestrial, aquatic, and atmospheric components will be covered in this course.

ENS 611 Environmental Science II (3 credits)
An interdisciplinary two-course sequence involving investigation of biological, chemical and physical processes of particular importance in dealing with environmental problems. Processes and interactions that include all earth systems involving terrestrial, aquatic, and atmospheric components will be covered in this course.

ENS 622 Quantitative Methods in Environmental Science (4 credits)
This one semester lecture course focuses on improving the level of student understanding in quantitative analysis tools in environmental science. Students will survey principles of sampling methodology, testing protocols, analytical tools, data evaluation and statistics, as applied to environmental problems. This will prepare the students as leading scientists and researchers for their future career in Environmental Sciences. Demonstrations of experiments and exercises, with emphasis on environmental applications, will cover quantitative analytical methodologies such as titration, extraction, UV-VIS, Fluorescence, IR, AA, GC, HPLC, GC-MS, etc.

ENS 624 / PAA 624 Environmental Science Policy, Ethics and Sustainability (3 credits)
Understanding the complex adaptive systems of environmental impairment and protection is an interdisciplinary effort that converges in the study of environmental policy. This course examines environmental politics and its underlying ethical considerations with an emphasis on the American political system. Students will receive a broad introduction to key concepts, actors, stakeholders, and issues related to environmental policymaking. Course material focuses on the role of government organizations- at the federal, state, and local level- institutional processes, and nongovernmental entities. Throughout the semester, we will discuss substantive environmental policy issues, such as water and air pollution, waste and biodiversity; land us, climate change, and population. At the conclusion of the semester, students should have an understanding of the historical, cultural, institutional, and ideological forces shaping environmental policy and regulations in the United States.

ENS 625 Environmental Science Communication (3 credits)
This course is designed to instruct in and develop strategies for effective communication of scientific issues. It involves discussions of how to communicate science, both orally and in written form, to expert and audiences. This will include evaluation of case studies involving presentations that are considered to be effective and those that are not, and will provide guidelines on how to avoid pitfalls that afflict many public speakers on scientific issues. Students will prepare both oral and written reports that will be critiqued for effective communication.

ENS 629 Topics in Marine Pollution (3 credits)
A seminar course. Students will read, report on and discuss papers from the current scientific literature relating to marine pollution. Pollution is constructed broadly to include both domestic and industrial waste inputs and also thermal and sonar pollution. Students will be involved in the choice of specific topics and papers.

ENS 630 Environmental Microbiology (4 credits)
A detailed examination of the roles and microbial life forms in the maintenance of the natural balance of earth’s processes. Students will take and in-depth study of microbial symbioses from a variety of biomes and ecosystems. A basic knowledge of standard microbiological physiology and techniques relating to the analysis of it are required. Readings, simulations, maintenance of cultures, analyses of physiological and ecological roles, and a final research project to be presented and defended are class components.

ENS 650 Environmental Law (3 credits)
A survey of U.S. environmental laws and regulations as applied to public policy. Introduction to international environmental laws, as well as common law and procedural principles as they relate to environmental challenges. A framework for understanding environmental politics will be developed. The goal is to have the student appreciate certain principles of constitutional and administrative law as they relate to the reduction of environmental risk. Historical roots of environmental attitudes and values with economic and convenience factors in mind are introduced.

ENS 651 Research Methods for Ecological Field Studies (3 credits)
This course provides an introduction to the manner by which biological data are collected, analyzed and reported for ecological field studies. The course will have both classroom and field components, and will explore areas such as territory and home range estimates, habitat evaluation, food habits, population viability analysis, population dynamics, GIS mapping, and genetic analyses.

ENS 696D Graduate Ecology (4 credits)
Ecology is the study of the distribution and abundance of organisms in the natural world and of the processes that generate these patterns. This course will cover fundamental ecological concepts from a theoretical and empirical perspective, at the level of individuals, populations, communities, ecosystems, and the global environmental. We will study how energy and materials move through ecosystems, succession, interactions among organisms such as parasitism, predation, competition, and mutualism, learn how organisms have adapted to challenges posed by their physical environment and explore how interactions between organisms and their physical environment shape our natural world. Material in the textbook will be extensively supplemented with information from the original literature. Assigned articles will form the basis of in depth, student-led, discussions following lecture. During the semester, schedules permitting, we will attend one or more seminars at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook, New York. A term paper is required.

ENS 696G Special Topics in Environmental Science: Environmental Project Design (3 credits)
This course teaches the student how to design a project to address a specific environmental situation in the local environment. It will involve working closely with an engineer in a town department of environmental resources to solve a problem that cannot be addressed with the talents available in the town. The student will learn how to work within the framework of local government and budget constraints. A Pace graduate school instructor will supervise all the work. The course will receive a letter grade at completion.

ENS 696H Topic: Globalization (4 credits)
Globalization is very much a contested concept. Some emphasize the increasing interconnections between different player’s economic, political and cultural and cultural fields while others stress the notion that globalization is essentially an effort to undermine the national sovereignty and authentic identifies of nation states by transnational actors. Our primary mission in this course will be to sift through these various interpretations of what is meant by globalization, how to measure it and try to determine how widely spread it is. We will analyze the profound implications of these developments in such areas as trade, the natural environment and gender. The course will also pay special attention to the field of governance and the institutional structure to which globalization has given rise over the past two decades. It is hoped that the course will enable each of the participants to provide a clear and cogent response to the issue of whether globalization is a beneficial project in attaining a just, peaceful, sustainable and healthy environment

ENS 696I Water Commodity/Water Habitat (3 credits)
Introduction to the professional discipline of ecosystem management where the sustainability of a resource, such as water, is threatened because of a conflict over its use. At odds is use of a resource as a market/public commodity versus use for sustaining an ecological habitat- i.e., satisfying a rising demand for a better environment (functions) while achieving reliable water supply/hydropower reliability (services), known as the twofold ecosystem management goal.

ENS 721 Advanced Environmental Testing (4 credits)
The analysis of environmental samples is studied from the acquisition of representative samples, through sample handling, chain of custody, sample storage, analytical method selection, analysis, data collection, reduction and treatment, method validation, and report writing. Interaction with client to discuss the data obtained is stressed. Includes field trips.

ENS 730 Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology (4 credits)
This course will explore the relationships between microorganisms and the environment. Emphasis will be given to the fundamentals of biotechnology, the significance of microorganisms in its development, and the increasing importance of genetically engineered microorganisms to the restoration and preservation of the environment.

ENS 731 Field Botany and Vegetation Analysis (4 credits)
Methods for the identification of the local flora will focus upon the species diagnostic for specific ecosystems. Procedures for the analysis and description of vegetation will be described and utilized in the field.

ENS 740 Environmental Toxicology and Pathology (4 credits)
The course deals with the basic and applied aspects of toxicology and pathology. It includes those principles most frequently invoked in a full understanding of toxicological events, such as dose-response relationships, and is primarily mechanistically oriented. An additional major focus is on the site of action of toxins. Toxic agents are grouped by chemical and/or use characteristics.

ENS 760 Waste Management, Site Remediation and Land Reuse (4 credits)
This course will investigate how public entities handle solid wastes as well as land that has been disturbed by former use. New York City will be the prime example of how a public entity manages their sold waste in an integrated solid waste management system. This class will explain the various solid waste management methods through the New York City example, and will develop their own solid waste management plan for a New York State Planning Unit. Also, there will be discussion of the current issues with redevelopment of sites that have been historically filled and cutting edge methods and requirements.

ENS 770 Environmental Impact of Power Generation and Usage (4 credits)
The environmental impact of the various methods of power generation. Consideration of nuclear, fossil fuel, hydroelectric, wind, and solar generation of electric power. Impact of obtaining, using, and disposing of fuels. Control and minimization of pollution from chemicals and radioactive substances. Thermal pollution. Impact on land of power production and transmission. Consideration of the impact of normal procedures and of accidents.

ENS 780 Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems (4 credits)
This course provides students with the skills to allow them to evaluate baseline site environmental conditions and to determine how these conditions will be impacted by various projects. Students will learn how to obtain environmental information and do field research. Environmental regulations that require the preparation of environmental impact statements will be discussed. Students will be presented with "real world" scenarios by environmental consultants, town planners and environmental lawyers. A class project will involve preparation of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement of a mock scenario.
 

Note: Some courses listed here may run only once per academic year, or every other academic year. Not all courses are available on both campuses. The catalog is constantly changing. Visit the pace website to view the most current class schedule, class descriptions, and required or suggested prerequisites.