MLA

MLA Citation Style, 7th ed. (2009)
For additional citation assistance, please visit the online version of
The Bedford Handbook
Find out what's new in MLA style
Database Item Online Book Web Site Pace E-Reserves
Online newspaper YouTube Magazine Article Online Encyclopedia
ERIC Document DVD/Movie Blog Tweet (from The Atlantic)
      HELP! (contact a librarian)
In the following examples, the titles of the journals are in italics.
 
Database Item         This format refers to all items that have been retrieved using a database.
Basic Instructions:
Author(s). “Item Title.” Journal Title series number (if relevant). volume number.
          issue number (if available). (Date): Page number range. Database name. 
          Web. Access date.
Example:
Tolson, Nancy. “Making Books Available: The Role of Early Libraries,Librarians,
          and Booksellers in the Promotion of African American Children’s Literature.”
          African American Review 32.1 (1998): 9-16. JSTOR.Web. 5 May 2009.

Note:

MLA guidelines assume that readers can locate most online sources by entering the author, title, or other identifying information in a search engine or a database. Consequently, the MLA Handbook does not require a Web address (URL) in citations for online sources. Some instructors may require a URL - include a URL only when you think a reader would need it in order to find the work cited or if your instructor requires it.

 

Online BookOnline Book
Basic Instructions: Author(s)/editor. Title. Edition. Publisher information, Year. Title of the Web site.
          Web. Access date. <URL>.
 
Example:
Davis, Elmer. History of The New York Times, 1851-1921.New York, New York
          Times, 1921. Google Book Search.Web. 5 May 2009. <http://books.google.com>.
 
Web SiteWeb Site
Basic Instructions: Author(s)/editor. Title of the work. Title of the Web site.Publisher or Sponsor. Date
          of Publication. (if known)Web. Access Date. <URL>.
 
Example: Quade, Alex. “Elite Team Rescues Troops behind Enemy Lines.” CNN.com.
          Cable News Network, 19 Mar. 2007. Web. 5 May
          2009.<http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/03/15/
 
Article Retrieved from Pace Library Electronic ReservesPace E-Reserves
Basic Instructions: Author(s)/editor. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Date): Page
          number range. Pace University Electronic Reserves. Web. Access date.
          <URL>.
Example: Hagemaster, J. “Use of Therapeutic Touch in Treatment of Drug Addictions.”
          Holistic Nursing Practice 14 (2000): 14-20.Pace University Electronic
          Reserves
. Web. 5 May 2009. <http://reserves.pace.edu>.
 
Online newspaperOnline Newspaper
This entry is for an online version of a newspaper that is also in print.
Basic Instructions: Author(s). “Article Title.” Name of Newspaper. Publisher, Date created:
          pages. Title of the Web site. Web. Date of access. <URL>.
 
Example:
Crovitz, L. Gordon. “Google Searches for Property Rights.” Wall Street
          Journal
. Dow Jones & Company, 17 Aug. 2009. Web. 5 May 2009.
          <http://online.wsj.com>.
 
YouTube VideoYouTube video
Basic Instructions: Author/corporate author. “Title of the work.” Title of the Web site. Publisher
          or sponsor of the site. Date created. Web. Date of access. <URL>.
 
Example:
C-SPAN. President Barack Obama 2009 Inauguration and Address. YouTube.
          National Cable Satellite Corp. 20 Jan. 2009. Web. 5 May 2009.
          <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjnygQ02aW4>.
 
Magazine Article Available OnlineMagazine Article
Basic Instructions: Author(s). “Article Title.” Name of Magazine. Publisher, Date created. Web.
          Date of access. <URL>.
 
Example: Tyre, Peg. “Standardized Tests in College?” Newsweek. Newsweek, 16 Nov.
          2007. Web. 5 May 2009.<http://www.newsweek.com/id/70750?tid=relatedcl>.
 
Online EncyclopediaOnline Encyclopedia
Basic Instructions:

Author(s). “Title of Entry or Article.” Name of Reference Source. Edition.
          Name of database. Web. Date of access. <URL>.
 

Example: Barnhill, John. “Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union.” Encyclopedia of Politics.
          2005. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 8 Sep. 2009.
          <http://find.galegroup.com/gvrl>.
 
ERIC DocumentsERIC Document
Basic Instructions: Author(s). “Title of the Document.” Provider of the Report (Date of Publication):
          inclusive page numbers. ERIC. Web. ED#. Date of access. <URL>.
 
Example: Bradburn, Ellen M., David G. Hurst, and Samuel Peng. "Community College
          Transfer Rates to 4-Year Institutions Using Alternative Definitions of Transfer.
          Research and Development Report." Inst. of Education Sciences, Dept. of
          Education
(2001): 1-110. ERIC. Web. ED454301. 5 May 2009.
          <http://tinyurl.com/yh2jxyu>.
 
DVD / MovieDVD/Movie
Basic Instructions: Movie Title. Director’s name. Leading performers. Movie release year. Movie  
          distributor or studio, DVD release date. DVD.
 
Example: Saving Private Ryan. Dir. Steven Spielberg. Perf. Tom Hanks, Tom Sizemore
          and Matt Damon. 1998. DreamWorks Pictures, 1999. DVD.
 
BlogBlog entry
Basic Instructions:
Author(s). “Title of Entry.” Blog Entry. Title of Blog. Date Posted. Date of
          access (URL).
 
Example:
Gatti, E. “Birnbaum Library Hours.” Blog Entry. Lounging Around the
          Library. 8 Sep. 2009 http://blog.pacelibrary.info/
 
HELP!
MLA citation examples are researched and compiled by Pace University Library.  To provide feedback, please contact Douglas Heimbigner (dheimbigner@pace.edu).