Turabian Style

Turabian Citation Style
Created by Kate Turabian, based on the Chicago style  (latest edition: 6th, 1996). FYI: Since no update of this has been published, the entries have mainly been approximated based on the Chicago Style updates.  Notations are added for support where necessary.
Remember that approximately symbolindicates an entry has been approximated based on the note provided.
Any information in the Basic Instructions in
red font face is included to assist in the understanding of the style and should not be included in your Citations.


Database Item Online Book Web Site CD-ROM
Online newspaper E-newspaper Online Periodical Online Encyclopedia
ERIC Document Discussion List Message Email Message HELP! (contact a librarian)


Database Article
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Author. "Article Title." Journal Title volume (date):
       section [type of medium]; available from Database
<Site/Path/File> [Access date] .
Example: Young, Jeffrey R. “Distance Education Seen as
     Useful as Classrooms.” 
Chronicle of Higher
46 (2000):A55 [journal on-line];

     available from ProQuest Direct,
     http://proquest.umi.com (3 March 
Online Book
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Author/editor. Title (edition). Place of publication:
       Producer/publisher info, date. [type of medium];
       available from <Site/Path/File>; accession medium.
Holland, Norman. The Critical I. New York:
     Columbia University Press,
1992. [book
     on-line]; available from 

Web Site
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Author/Editor. "Title." Date. Site/Path/File (Access
Example: Jones, Dee. “deGrummond Children’s Literature
     Collection.” 26 July 
     http://avatar.lib.usm/~degrum/(24 Feb.
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Author. "Article Title." Source Title{if relevant}. in Title
       of CD-ROM [CD-ROM] (Publisher, Date).
Example: "The Late Riots-A Mountain Reduced to a
     Molehill." The New York Herald. 24 July
     1863 in The Civil War-A Newspaper
     Perspective [CD-ROM] (Accessible Archives
     CD-ROM edition, 1994) (Folio Corporation,
Online newspaper
FYI 11.44 News items from daily papers are rarely listed separately in a bibliography or reference list.  If a newspaper is cited only once or twice, a note or a parenthetical reference in the text is sufficient.  [See also 8.105-10.] 
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Author. "Article Title." Newspaper Title [Type of
        medium]. [Date Created]. Site/Path/File
        (Access date): Section or page notation.
Example: McAteer, M.J. “Animal Benefits from Alternative
     Medicine.” Washington 
Post Online 17 May
     1999. http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv

     (24 Feb. 2000): H1.
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Author. "Article Title." Newspaper Title [Type of Medium]
        Date Created Site/Path/File (Access Date).
Example: "Hopes recede for survivors." The Hindu
     [online newspaper] 1 February 2001.
     http://www.the-hindu.com (1 February
Online Periodical
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Author. "Article Title." Periodical Title Date. [Type of
        medium] Site/Path/File (Access Date).

Williams, Buzz. "General Wade Hampton III: Noble
     Summer Resident." WaySouth:A Journal of
     Southern Thought. [online journal] http://
     www.waysouth.com (Accessed 2 February
Online Encyclopedia 
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
"Article Title." Encyclopedia Title [Type of medium]
       (Publisher, Date) Site/Path/ file (Access Date).
Example: "Ailey, Alvin, Jr." Encyclopaedia Britannica
     [encyclopedia online](Britannica.com Inc.,
     1999); available from http://www.
     britannica.com (Accessed 2 February 2001).
ERIC Document
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Author. "Article Title if any." Source Title. vol: pages,
        date. OR city: publisher, date. [Type of medium]
        available from database name; Site/Path/File ERIC,
        document number.
Example: Settle, Mary and Richard Milich. "Social
     Persistence Following Failure in Boys And
     Girls with LD." Journal of Learning
     Disabilities. 32:201-212, May/June 1999.
     [database online] available from
     WilsonSelectPlus Full Text,
     http://newfirstsearch.oclc.org/ ERIC,
Discussion List Message 
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Author. "Subject of message." date. Discussion List.
        Available E-mail: LISTSERV@e-mail address
       [Access date].
Example: Raish, Martin. “Re:surveying users before
     building a web-tutorial.” 24
Feb. 2000.
     BI-L. bi-l@listserv.byu.edu (3 March 2000).
Email Message 
Basic Instructions:
approximately symbol
Sender. "Subject of Message."Type of E-mail
        (Access Date).
Example: Albrecht, Rebecca. “Mea Culpa: Citing
     Information.” Personal e-mail
(24 Feb.
HELP! Turabian entries orginally compiled and researched by Rebecca Albrecht, Purchase College. as a part of the WALDO CITE SITE project.  If you would like to provide feedback, contact us.